A brief overview of all important SharePoint 2016 directories and their functionality. All of these directories must be backed up so that SharePoint can be completely restored at file level in the event of a disaster. Don’t forget to backup the directories containing data from 3rd party applications.
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office Servers\16.0
Default directory for binaries and data from SharePoint 2016.
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office Servers\16.0\Data
Root directory for local data and search indexes.
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office Servers\16.0\Logs
Default directory for Run-Time Diagnostic Logfiles.
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office Servers\16.0\WebServices
Root directory for SharePoint back-end Web services such as search or Excel services.
C:\Program Files\Common Files\microsoft shared\Web Server Extensions\16
Installation directory for the Core SharePoint files.